AstraZeneca’s antibody cocktail against Covid-19, which has proven to work as a preventative shot in the non-infected, was also shown to save lives and prevent severe disease when given as treatment within a week of first symptoms.
The drug, a combination of two antibodies called AZD7442, reduced the risk of severe Covid-19 or death by 50 per cent in non-hospitalised patients who have had symptoms for seven days or less, the Anglo-Swedish drugmaker said on Monday.
The risk reduction was even better in patients who started therapy within just five days of initial symptoms, but AstraZeneca joins an already crowded field of medicines that were shown to prevent deterioration in patients with mild disease when given soon after diagnosis.
AstraZeneca executive Mene Pangalos said in a media call that the treatment results would mainly underscore the potential future use as a non-vaccine prevention.
“If and when this is approved it will be used in the treatment setting as well. But the real differentiator for this antibody is going to be in the prophylactic setting,” he said.
Similar therapies made with a class of drugs called monoclonal antibodies are being developed by Regeneron, Eli Lilly and GlaxoSmithKline with partner Vir.
These therapies are approved for emergency use in the United States for treating mild to moderate Covid-19.
Regeneron’s therapy showed 72 per cent protection against symptomatic infection in the first week, and 93 per cent after that.
AstraZeneca said it is submitting the new treatment data on AZD7442 to global health regulators.
The trial took place across 13 countries and involved more than 900 adult participants, 90 per cent of whom suffered from conditions that made the particularly vulnerable to Covid-19, such as cancer and diabetes.
One half receiving AZD7442 and the rest a placebo. Full trial results will be submitted for publication in a peer reviewed journal, AstraZeneca said.
AZD7442 contains laboratory made antibodies designed to linger in the body for months to contain the virus in case of an infection.
A vaccine, in contrast, relies on an intact immune system to develop targeted antibodies and infection-fighting cells.
While Monday’s results cover the use of AZD7442 in non-hospitalised patients, a separate trial is also studying its use as a treatment for hospitalised Covid-19 patients.
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